Creating New Data Import Window

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Revision as of 03:45, 15 October 2010 by Kittiu (Talk) (Create Business Logic)

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This page is under construction --Kittiu 04:42, 12 October 2010 (UTC)


In ADempeire, there is a great way of importing data into the system using the existing Data Import module. You can read about how the Data Import works from Data Import. The great thing is that, we can always do validation to our data before the data transfer really take place.

The data import process has two main steps. Data is read into the system and placed in a temporary table. From there it is processed and entered into the main database. The two step process helps prevent errors in the data from affecting the main database. The first step of importing the data requires a: definition of the data file that will be imported and information about where to put it in the temporary tables. This is performed by an Import File Loader and an Import Loader Format.

The only shortcoming is that, the Data Import Window available for standard version only cover some of the main data, i.e., Product, BPartner, etc. and not all data we want to import can be imported. In many case, we will want to customize our own data validation. This page will give the steps by steps on how to create a new Data Import Window.

Example Scenario

As an easy example, let's say we have a huge list of Product's attribute values to import into the system. We will be creating a new Import Attribute Value window to do the task. For ease of understanding, its fields will be pretty much matching with the window we want to import data to.

Import Attribute Value window, to import data to Tab Attribute Values under Attribute window

Note: In real life case, we might design a complex import window that validate data and import into different tables in one go.

Create New Data Import Window

With ADempiere's Application Dictionary framework, creating new Data Import Window is easy.

  1. Create User Interface (Table & Columns, Windows & Fields, Model Calss)
  2. Create Business Logic (Process & Parameters)

Create User Interface

You can look at how to create new window at NewWindow. In our case we are going to do the same thing, except we will use it to create Importing Window.

1) Create new Table
  • Login as System, go to window "Table and Column"
  • Create new DB Table = "I_AttributeValue"
Create i attribute table.jpg
  • Click on Copy Column from Table and select "M_AttributeValue"
  • New columns will be created as of M_AttributeValue, except that it will has Key Column I_AttributeValue_ID in stead of M_AttributeValue_ID
2) Create more columns for Data Import table
  • 5 Mandatory columns: I_ErrorMsg, I_IsImported,Processing, Processed, ID column of target table - in this case, M_AttributeValue_ID -- (1)
  • Optional lookup columns: AttributeName -- (2)
I attrvalue columns.jpg
Note.gif Note:
  1. Additional ID field (i.e., M_AttributeValue_ID) is used to save back the ID of record inserted in target table, use for reference.
  2. The preferred function of using this Import Window is that, user will only supply the Name/Vlaue field, and let the system validate for matching ID field. this is where the optional lookup field come in.
3) Create Import Table in Database
  • On any record in Column Tab, Click on Synchronize Column button.
Note.gif Note:
  • On the first time, as table is not yet crated, it will create new table and all the columns.
  • After this, if we modify it and click this button, it will only modify the current record.
4) Create Interface and Model Classes for new table
  • In your Eclipse project, run GenerateModel class to create Interface and Model for this table. These models will be useful when we refer to data in this table in Business Logic.
  • In our case, we are creating and Note that our Entity Type is 'RJC', so the arguments are,
C:\<target folder>\
  • Copy and paste these 2 files under org.compiere.model package.
5) Create new Window
  • Login as System, go to window "Window, Tab & Field"
  • Create new Window = "Import Attribute Value"
Import attributevalue window.jpg
  • Create new Tab = "Attribute Value". Note that, for ease of use, Data Import window will always have only 1 tab.
  • Refer this tab to table "I_AttributeValue", created previously.
Import attributevalue tab.jpg
  • At the bottom of this tab, click on "Create Fields" button to create fields from columns in table I_AttributeValue
  • In Field Sequence tab, arrange the field order for layout. The recommended layout is,
    • Top part: Is Imported checkbox, reference ID from target table, Error Messages
    • Bottom part: Process Button, Is Processed CheckBox
    • Lookup Name fields same line as its ID fields. For example, in this case, Attribute Name (AttributeName) is next to Attribute (M_Attribute_ID).
Import attributevalue fields.jpg
6) Register new window to Menu
  • Login as System, got to window "Menu"
  • Create new Menu Item = "Import Attribute Value"
Import attributevalue menu.jpg

Now if you login again as admin user, you should be able to see the new window. You can test creating new records and save it.

Next step, we will look at how to create ImportAttributeValue Process, so that clicking at Process Now button will validate and import data into target table.

Create Business Logic

All Process Class for Data Import windows are in package org.compiere.process, all classes start with ImportXXX. Now we want to create our own Process.

1) Create Import Process JAVA file

You can see example from package org.compiere.process, or use the example provided here Although some Import Process as you can find from the package are relatively complex, they share the same pattern with our simple example. Here is what it does,

  1. protected void prepare()
    • Get the input parameter, in most cases are Client and/or Organization, Delete Old Imported?, Is Validate Only?
  2. protected String doIt()
    • If user select Delete Old Imported, then delete old imported records from previous time.
    • Reset importing records ready to start validation (set IsImported = 'N')
    • Data Validation and Data Lookup
      • Most of the logic goes here to make preparing data easy and less error.
      • Data Validation can be as complex as we want, i.e., check whether the record exist, check duplication, etc. For invalid record, add Error Message (set IsImported = 'E' to state error)
      • Data Lookup can be as automated as we want, i.e., getting ID of Attribute from Name, getting the default value, etc.
    • For valid data (IsImported = 'E'), do the real import to target table(s)
    • And finally, return the number of successful / unsuccessful import

2) Register JAVA Process to the "Process Now" button.
  • Create new